Sam Powell

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青铜鼓钉纹钮钟

青铜钟在中国古代是比较常见的打击乐器,出现在西周早期,其形式是从钲演化而来。基本形式是在两侧尖锐的扁体共鸣箱上部的平面上有一个可悬的柄。从青铜钟的形制上可分为两种,即甬钟和钮钟,甬钟的悬挂方式为斜挂,而钮钟为直挂。将若干个频率不同的钟依次序连列在架上成为可演奏的音阶,称为 "编钟"。钮钟是金类击奏乐器,为编钟的一种类型。合瓦形钟体,凹弧状于,平舞,舞上置钮以直悬击奏,一钟双音。

The bronze bell was a relatively common percussion instrument in ancient China. It appeared in the early Western Zhou Dynasty and its form evolved from the gong. The basic form is a suspension shank on the upper plane of the sharp flat resonance box on both sides. From the shape of the bronze bell, it can be divided into two types, namely the cuckoo clock and the button clock. The hanging mode of the cuckoo clock is oblique hanging, and the button clock is straight. A number of clocks with different frequencies are sequentially listed on the shelf to become a playable scale, called a "chime". The button clock is a gold-type playing instrument, a type of chime. The tile-shaped bell body, concave arc-shaped, flat dance, dance on the button to play straight, one double tone.

钟以合乐,作为响器,具有极其深远的礼乐文化内涵,又有“歌钟”“龢钟”“行钟”之分。应歌的称之为“歌钟”,应乐的称为“龢钟”,唐李白诗:“青楼夹两岸,万家喧歌钟。”宋苏轼:“窾坎镗鞳者,魏庄子之歌钟也。文中此藏品为东周文物,重量:约895g。这钮钟体为合瓦形,平舞,平腹,www.009tm.com,铣侈,于口微凹,舞上设置有一圆条形的长圆钮。与甬钟相比最大的差别即是改变了甬钟侧悬的甬,以钮代甬,使钟由侧悬改为直悬,从而可以更加保持钟的稳定性,提高和改善演奏的音质,由此可以看出钮钟不仅继承了甬钟的体制,而且吸收了铃或鎛的钮制,因而从整体形制上典型地表现出甬钟的钟体与鎛和铃的钮制相结合的特征。其工精技良,展出反映青铜铸范的精湛工艺,虽然经历了西周末年到春秋的政治大变革,但此钟依然沿袭继承了西周后期周人甬钟的作风,纹饰十分精致。保存非常完整,并且在铸造技艺方面又胜过周人一筹,反映出当时工匠们对礼乐文化的重视,是商周文化的最好见证。

标签 钮钟 青铜 甬钟 乐器 中国